Culture Interaction

Background of Study

Culture is a thing that we have in every country. Every country of this world have cultures which different with the other region country or country it self. Even though every country has different culture, we should respect each other.  There is main parts of this paper such as: understanding which divided into 2 part that is understanding of interaction and the second one is understanding of culture ; theories and bibliography


Understanding Interactions

Interaction is a reciprocal relationship of mutual influence, there is no action and reaction, the perpetrator is more than one, individual and individual, individual and group, and the group etc..

Interaction is a kind of action or action that occurs when two or more objects have an effect or influence each other. The idea of ​​two-way effect is essential in the concept of interaction, as opposed to a one-way relationship in cause and effect. The combination of simple interactions can lead to a startling new phenomenon. In various fields of science, the interaction has a different meaning.

Definition of Culture

Culture is a way of life that developed and owned jointly by a group of people and passed from generation to generation.

Culture is a holistic lifestyle. culture is complex, abstract, and broad.



1. Edward B. Taylor

Culture is a complex whole, that it contains the knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, customs, and other capabilities acquired by man as a member of society.

2. M. Jacobs and B.J. Stern

Culture covers all forms of technology including social, ideological, religious, and arts and objects, all of which are social heritage.

3. Koentjaraningrat

Culture is a whole system of ideas, actions, and the work of human beings in order to belong to a society that made humans to learn.

4. Dr. K. Kupper

Culture is a system of ideas that guide and driver for the human in attitude and behavior, both individually and in groups.

5. William H. Haviland

Culture is a set of rules and norms that are shared by members of the public, which if carried out by its members will bear behavior deemed feasible and acceptable to all communities.

6. Ki Hajar Dewantara

Culture means the fruit of the human mind is the result of the struggle of man against two strong influences, the nature of the times and is a testament to the triumph of human life to overcome the obstacles and hardships in life and livelihood in order to achieve salvation and happiness at the birth is orderly and peaceful.

7. Francis Merill

Behavioral patterns that produced by the interaction of behavior and all social All products produced by someone as a member of a society is found through symbolic interaction.

8. Bounded

Culture is something that is formed by the development and transmission of human beliefs through certain symbols, such as language symbols as a series of symbols that are used to divert the cultural beliefs among the members of a society. The messages about the culture, which is expected to be found in the media, government, religious institutions, educational systems and such.


Social interaction is categorized into two forms, namely:

1. Social interaction is associative

namely that leads to a form – the form of association (relationship or joint) such as:

a. Cooperation

Is a collaborative effort between individuals or groups to achieve common goals.

b. Accommodation

It is a process of social adjustment in the interaction between individuals and groups – groups of people to ease conflict.

c. Assimilation

Is a social process that occurs when there are groups of people with different cultural backgrounds, get along with each other intensively for a long time, so that eventually their native culture and his form will change the nature of a new culture as a form of cultural mixture.

d. Acculturation

Is a social process that arises, when a group of human society with a particular culture is faced with the elements – elements of a foreign culture in a way that gradually the elements – elements of foreign culture was received and processed into the culture itself, without losing the personality of

culture itself.

2. Social interaction that is dissociative

namely that leads to a form – the form of disagreement or conflict, such as:

a. Competition

It is a struggle of an individual or a particular social group, in order to gain a victory in a competitive or results, without causing any threat or physical impact on their rivals.

b. Kontravensi

Is a form of social processes that sits between competition and conflict or conflict. Being kontravensi among others, the attitude is not happy, either in secret or publicly – patently directed against individuals or groups or the elements – elements of a particular cultural group. Attitudes can be changed into hatred but not until a disagreement or conflict.

c. Conflict

Is a social process between individuals or a particular group of people, due to differences in understanding and fundamental interests, giving rise to a sort of gap or gaps that block social interaction among those fighting it.



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